The highlight is undeniably the preservation of the climate of security and peace, in a sub-regional context attacked by armed conflicts and all forms of terrorist threats. Indeed, the Libyan crisis extended and amplified by the separatist and terrorist movements in Mali has revealed the solidity of the security apparatus in Niger, which makes this country appear as an island of stability and peace, which must be preserved at all costs. in order to prevent the joining of these movements with those operating in northern Nigeria.
This is why the President of the Republic has made it clear that security is consubstantial with economic and social development. He therefore opted for a global solution affecting both the security, economic and administrative aspects. In this perspective, the Government is committed to promoting and accelerating economic and social development, but also to strengthening the capabilities of the defense and security forces to ensure the safety of people and property throughout the national territory . In this case, Niger has chosen to advocate for greater cooperation between the ECOWAS countries and the countries of the Sahelo-Saharan zone, in order to provide common responses to these threats that are developing. worldwide.
To consolidate these actions in the long term, the Government has endeavored to install strong, credible and sustainable democratic institutions during its first year. Thus all the institutions of the Republic are in place and functional (National Assembly, Mediator, Economic and Social Council, High Court of Justice, National Commission of Human Rights, Court of Accounts, Superior Council of Communication and the Constitutional Court). The democratic exercise of power is a reality, it ensures the participation of all the forces of the nation to the balance of power.
Likewise, the Government is working tirelessly to establish a culture of good governance, based on the following themes:
- The fight without weakness against corruption, assault, trafficking in influence and embezzlement of public funds through several strong actions: the strengthening of the capacity of judges, the systematic control of the judicial and penitentiary services; the creation of a National Agency for Legal Assistance and the creation of a website: justice.gouv.ne. In addition, a green line for collecting complaints and denunciations and an Anti-Corruption Authority has been set up. Finally The consolidation of public finances continues with the treatment of economic and financial crime cases and the anti-money laundering office, created within the framework of the African Economic Union (CENTIF) has been strengthened and revitalized.
- The promotion of freedom of opinion and expression, with the adoption of a law decriminalizing the crime of the press, granted an annual subsidy to independent press organs. To reinforce this will SEM the President of the Republic signed the declaration of the mountain table. This led RSF to reclassify Niger of the 175 th place to the 29 th place in terms of press freedom worldwide and 4 th place at the African level.
- Promotion of human rights; On this subject, the government successfully passed the Universal Periodic Review on June 11, 2011 on the occasion of the 17 th session of the United Nations Human Rights Council in Geneva, which earned Niger to be cited as a model of “good practices” in respect of human rights;